Press Release Details

Carriage Services, Inc. (“Carriage” or “Company”) is a leading consolidator and provider of deathcare services and merchandise in the United States, operating funeral homes and cemeteries nationwide.

Carriage Services Announces Record Second Quarter and First Half Results:

Jul 27, 2021
  • Record Second Quarter and First Half Results;
  • Increase in Rolling Four Quarter, 2021 and 2022 Outlooks;
  • Invested $12.3 million to repurchase 325,000 shares ($38 per share) in second quarter;
  • Increase in Intrinsic Value Roughly Right Range to $55 to $65 Per Share; and
  • Increase of $25 million in Approved Stock Repurchase Program to $63 million.

HOUSTON, July 27, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) --  Carriage Services, Inc. (NYSE: CSV) Mel Payne, Chairman and CEO, stated, “After our highly successful refinancing of $400 million 6.625% senior notes into a new issue of eight year $400 million 4.25% senior notes on May 13, 2021, we have continued to execute our funeral and cemetery portfolio operations and sales performance at an extraordinarily high level even as we have moved into a more normalized post COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis death rate environment during the second quarter. We are now positioned to optimize long term shareholder value creation through continued outstanding execution of our operating and strategic acquisition models and savvy, disciplined and flexible capital allocation of our recurring and increasing Free Cash Flow into high return investments over the next eight years, while simultaneously maintaining a moderate leverage profile of 4 times Debt to EBITDA Ratio or less.

The balance of this 2021 second quarter earnings release will be equivalent to the fourth extension of my 2020 Shareholder Letter (first was first quarter release on April 21, second was my refinancing and intrinsic value commentary on May 13, 2021, third was announcement of three Executive Team Promotions on June 2, 2021), i.e. a journey through “highly transparent” high performance data sequentially shown on the following pages as follows:

  • Second Quarter and First Half Comparative Performance Highlights;
  • Five Quarter Trend Report Ending June 30, 2021;
  • Same Store Funeral Revenue Monthly Trends and Drivers Six Months Ending June 2021;
  • Second Quarter and First Half 2021 versus 2020 Overhead / Incentive Compensation Comparison;
  • Rolling Four Quarter Outlook Ending June 30, 2022 and Updated and Increased Two Year Scenario 2021/2022;
  • Updated and Increased Intrinsic Value Per Share Range and Capital Allocation Strategy and Priorities;
  • Free Cash Flow and Leverage Update; and
  • Second Quarter and First Half Trust Performance/Impact on Reported Financial Segment.

SECOND QUARTER 2021 COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE HIGHLIGHTS

  • Total Revenue of $88.3 million, an increase of $10.8 million or 13.9%;
  • Same Store Funeral Contracts of 9,061, an increase of 0.1%;
  • Same Store Funeral Revenue of $47.3 million, an increase of $3.0 million or 6.7%;
  • Same Store Cemetery Revenue of $16.5 million, an increase of $5.0 million or 42.8%;
  • Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA of $7.6 million, an increase of $3.9 million or 106.7%;
  • Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin of 45.9%, an increase of 1,420 basis points;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Revenue of $8.2 million, an increase of $4.1 million or 101.6%;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA of $4.7 million, an increase of $3.3 million or 230.1%;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin 57.9%, an increase of 2,250 basis points;
  • Total Field EBITDA of $40.0 million, an increase of $6.8 million or 20.4%;
  • Total Field EBITDA Margin of 45.3%, an increase of 240 basis points;
  • Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA of $28.7 million, an increase of $3.3 million or 12.9%;
  • Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin of 32.5%, a decrease of 30 basis points;
  • Adjusted Diluted EPS of $0.64, an increase of $0.19 or 42.2%;
  • Adjusted Proforma(1) Diluted EPS of $0.70, an increase of $0.25 or 55.6%;
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow of $12.3 million, a decrease of $5.6 million or 31.1%;
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin of 13.9%, a decrease of 920 basis points;  
  • Adjusted Proforma(1) Free Cash Flow of $13.4 million, a decrease of $4.5 million or 25.1%;
  • Adjusted Proforma(1) Free Cash Flow Margin of 15.2%, a decrease of 790 basis points;
  • GAAP Net Loss of $6.2 million, a decrease of $12.6 million equal to 196.4%; and
  • GAAP Diluted Loss Per Share of $0.33, a decrease of $0.69 per share equal to 191.7%.

The increases in our record consolidated performance metrics, i.e. Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA/Margin, Adjusted and Proforma EPS, and Adjusted and Proforma Free Cash Flow/Margin in the second quarter and first half of 2021 compared to 2020 would have been even higher if not for the under accruals of primarily field incentive compensation in the first and second quarter of 2020 amidst the portfolio performance uncertainty of the early phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Contrary to last year, we are fully accrued this year, as field incentive compensation in the second quarter of 2021 was $1.6 million or about 6 cents per share higher than second quarter last year and $3.8 million or about 15 cents per share higher in the first half of 2021 versus last year, which is more fully explained in our overhead section on Pages 7 and 8 of this release.

FIRST HALF 2021 COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE HIGHLIGHTS

  • Total Revenue of $184.9 million, an increase of $29.9 million or 19.3%;
  • Total Same Store Funeral Contracts of 20,089, an increase of 1,975 or 10.9%;
  • Same Store Funeral Revenue of $104.0 million, an increase of $13.0 million or 14.3%;
  • Same Store Funeral Field EBITDA of $44.5 million, an increase of $7.7 million or 20.9%;
  • Same Store Funeral Field EBITDA Margin of 42.8%, an increase of 240 basis points;
  • Same Store Cemetery Revenue of $31.1 million, an increase of $8.6 million or 38.5%;
  • Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA of $13.3 million, an increase of $6.4 million or 94.3%;
  • Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin of 42.7%, an increase of 1,220 basis points;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Revenue of $15.2 million, an increase of $8.3 million or 121.1%;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA of $8.8 million, an increase of $6.6 million or 290.8%;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin of 58.3%, an increase of 2,530 basis points;
  • Total Field EBITDA of $85.8 million, an increase of $22.5 million or 35.5%;
  • Total Field EBITDA Margin of 46.4%, an increase of 550 basis points;
  • Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA of $63.4 million, an increase of $15.1 million or 31.3%;
  • Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin of 34.3%, an increase of 310 basis points;
  • Adjusted Diluted EPS of $1.45, an increase of $0.66 or 83.5%;
  • Adjusted Proforma(1) Diluted EPS of $1.60, an increase of $0.81 or 102.5%;
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow of $39.5 million, an increase of $9.0 million or 29.4%;
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin of 21.3%, an increase of 160 basis points;
  • Adjusted Proforma(1) Free Cash Flow of $42.3 million, an increase of $11.8 million or 38.7%;
  • Adjusted Proforma(1) Free Cash Flow Margin of 22.9%, an increase of 320 basis points; 
  • Debt to EBITDA Ratio of 3.95 times(2);
  • GAAP Net Income of $6.8 million, an increase of $4.6 million equal to 207.5%; and
  • GAAP Diluted EPS of $0.37, an increase of $0.25 per share equal to 208.3%.

(1) Proforma lower interest impact of recent refinancing effective as of January 1, 2021 (pre-tax lower interest cost of $1.6 million for the second quarter 2021 and $4.0 million for the first half 2021).
(2) Rolling 12 Months Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA of $119.3 million and Total Debt of $471.4 million on June 30, 2021.

FIVE QUARTER TREND REPORT
We report our performance results publicly using the same highly transparent Non-GAAP “Trend Reports” that we use internally and which have been explained in previous shareholder letters, including Five Year and Five Quarter Trend Reports that reflect long and short term trends in our core operating, financial and overhead sectors over time. Shown on the next page are highlights from our Five Quarter Trend Report that clearly reflect the accelerating transformative high performance process that occurred at Carriage in the midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic from the second quarter of 2020 through the peak of the Pandemic impact in the first quarter of 2021.

We estimate that at least 85% of the COVID-19 performance lift from spikes in the death rate was concentrated in our Same Store and Acquisition Funeral Portfolio, initially concentrated in our Eastern Region in the second quarter of 2020, then spreading to the Central Region in the third quarter before peaking in our Western Region in the fourth quarter of 2020 and first quarter of 2021. The balance of our COVID-19 death rate performance lift of about 15% was concentrated in our Cemetery Portfolio Atneed Segment.

However, after Carlos Quezada joined Carriage on June 26, 2020, the Five Quarter Trend Report also reflects that our Same Store and Acquisition Cemetery Preneed Property Sales, Revenue and Field EBITDA Dollars and Margins began to trend higher and accelerate toward a historic peak in the second quarter of 2021.

FIVE QUARTER OPERATING AND FINANCIAL TREND REPORT HIGHLIGHTS
(000’s except for volume, averages & margins)   2ND QTR
2020
  3RD QTR
2020
  4TH QTR
2020
  1ST QTR
2021
  2ND QTR
2021
Funeral Same Store Contracts     9,056       9,420       10,172       11,028       9,061  
Average Revenue Per Contract (1)   $ 4,891     $ 5,069     $ 5,158     $ 5,140     $ 5,218  
Funeral Same Store Burial Contracts     3,273       3,370       3,777       4,038       3,189  
Funeral Same Store Burial Rate     36.1 %     35.8 %     37.1 %     36.6 %     35.2 %
Average Revenue Per Burial Contract   $ 8,688     $ 8,984     $ 9,013     $ 8,987     $ 9,262  
Funeral Same Store Cremation Contracts     5,199       5,382       5,697       6,285       5,160  
Funeral Same Store Cremation Rate     57.4 %     57.1 %     56.0 %     57.0 %     56.9 %
Average Revenue Per Cremation Contract   $ 3,075     $ 3,285     $ 3,251     $ 3,294     $ 3,416  
Funeral Same Store Revenue   $ 44,297     $ 47,750     $ 52,472     $ 56,683     $ 47,284  
Funeral Same Store EBITDA   $ 18,726     $ 19,906     $ 23,115     $ 25,812     $ 18,659  
Funeral Same Store EBITDA Margin     42.3 %     41.7 %     44.1 %     45.5 %     39.5 %
Funeral Acquisition Revenue   $ 9,023     $ 8,204     $ 9,348     $ 10,139     $ 8,557  
Funeral Acquisition EBITDA   $ 3,754     $ 2,941     $ 3,683     $ 4,467     $ 3,261  
Funeral Acquisition EBITDA Margin     41.6 %     35.8 %     39.4 %     44.1 %     38.1 %
Cemetery Same Store Preneed Property Contracts Sold     912       1,061       1,026       1,154       1,218  
Cemetery Same Store Preneed Sales Revenue   $ 8,272     $ 8,293     $ 9,214     $ 9,288     $ 11,441  
Cemetery Same Store Revenue   $ 11,565     $ 14,321     $ 14,739     $ 14,567     $ 16,516  
Cemetery Same Store EBITDA   $ 3,666     $ 6,167     $ 6,491     $ 5,705     $ 7,579  
Cemetery Same Store EBITDA Margin     31.7 %     43.1 %     44.0 %     39.2 %     45.9 %
Cemetery Acquisition Preneed Property Contracts Sold     295       304       345       338       475  
Cemetery Acquisition Preneed Sales Revenue   $ 3,079     $ 4,073     $ 5,394     $ 5,089     $ 6,839  
Cemetery Acquisition Revenue   $ 4,056     $ 5,220     $ 5,509     $ 6,980     $ 8,175  
Cemetery Acquisition EBITDA   $ 1,435     $ 2,335     $ 2,532     $ 4,102     $ 4,737  
Cemetery Acquisition EBITDA Margin     35.4 %     44.7 %     46.0 %     58.8 %     57.9 %
Total Financial Revenue   $ 4,674     $ 5,575     $ 5,206     $ 5,656     $ 5,340  
Total Financial EBITDA   $ 4,448     $ 5,226     $ 4,867     $ 5,254     $ 4,993  
Total Financial EBITDA Margin     95.2 %     93.7 %     93.5 %     92.9 %     93.5 %
Total Revenue   $ 77,477     $ 84,393     $ 90,088     $ 96,637     $ 88,277  
Total Field EBITDA   $ 33,221     $ 37,309     $ 41,318     $ 45,787     $ 40,014  
Total Field EBITDA Margin     42.9 %     44.2 %     45.9 %     47.4 %     45.3 %
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA   $ 25,444     $ 27,666     $ 28,300     $ 34,657     $ 28,720  
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin     32.8 %     32.8 %     31.4 %     35.9 %     32.5 %
Adjusted Diluted EPS   $ 0.45     $ 0.51     $ 0.57     $ 0.81     $ 0.64  
Adjusted Free Cash Flow   $ 17,878     $ 27,608     $ 11,870     $ 27,140     $ 12,313  
Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin     23.1 %     32.7 %     13.2 %     28.1 %     13.9 %

(1) Excludes Preneed Funeral interest earnings reflected in Total Financial Revenue.

The record performance in the second quarter of 2021 reflects a normalization of funeral volumes at broadly higher funeral contract revenue averages, as second quarter Same Store Funeral Contracts were flat year over year while Same Store Funeral Revenue increased $3.0 million or 6.7% because our Average Revenue Per Contract (ARPC) of $5,218 was also 6.7% higher than the ARPC of $4,891 last year. The Same Store Funeral Burial ARPC for the second quarter was up 6.6% to $9,262, which was higher than Burial ARPC $9,209 for full year 2019, while the burial rate was down 90 basis points to 35.2% compared to the second quarter 2020. Same Store Funeral Cremation ARPC was up 11.1% for the quarter to $3,416, which is comparable to the Cremation ARPC of $3,427 for full year 2019. Our Same Store Funeral Field EBITDA was flat in the second quarter at $18.7 million, while our Same Store Funeral Field EBITDA Margin declined 280 basis points, with the margin decline all occurring in our Eastern Region because of 9.4% lower volumes, partially offset by higher revenue averages in the Eastern Region and completely offset by higher volumes and revenue averages in both the Central and Western Regions.

This geographical funeral revenue and margin divergence related to the COVID-19 death rate performance lift tapering off in the second quarter this year is the exact opposite of how COVID-19 impacted our funeral portfolio last year with huge outbreaks first in the Northeast and New Orleans. Beginning in the third quarter last year, the COVID-19 impact was concentrated in our Central Region and continued spreading westward into the fourth quarter, peaking in California in December 2020 and January and February of this year prior to normalizing across all three geographic regions during the second quarter.

But the major driver of our record second quarter 2021 performance was significantly higher preneed property sales across our Same Store and Acquisition Portfolio of cemeteries driven by the high performance sales organization that Carlos Quezada built over the past year, which I comprehensively covered on pages 27 and 28 of my 2020 Shareholder Letter. It is difficult for those of us who have been with Carriage for at least five or even ten or more years to imagine just how quickly Carlos and his team of A Players have turned our Same Store and Acquisition Cemetery Portfolio into a broad and sustainable driver of significantly higher Revenue, Field EBITDA and Field EBITDA Margins. So I will share just a few high performance data points to let you hopefully become as impressed, inspired and excited as all of us Carriage long timers have increasingly become over the past year:

Same Store Cemetery Portfolio

  • Same Store Cemetery Revenue for one month had exceeded $5 million only once in our history in April 2019, then again after Carlos joined Carriage in June 2020, once again in August 2020 followed very closely at $4.9 million in each of the last three months of 2020;
  • Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin exceeded 40% only one month in our history, also in April 2019 prior to Carlos joining in June 2020, then again in five of the last six months of 2020, averaging 44.5%;
  • Same Store Cemetery Revenue exceeded $5 million in each of last four months ending June 2021, averaging $5.6 million; and
  • Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin exceeded 40% for each of last four months ending June 2021, averaging 45.4% and almost achieved the 50% threshold in June 2021 at a record high of 49.9%.

Acquisition Cemetery Portfolio

  • Acquisition Cemetery Revenue (all three acquired at the end of 2019 / beginning of 2020 – integration was delayed due to the COVID-19 Pandemic – see pages 29-33 of my Shareholder Letter) exceeded $1 million for the first time in March 2020, then achieved $1.7 million in July 2020, reaching over $2.0 million for the first time in October 2020, but averaging $1.8 million over the last six months of 2020 compared to $1.1 million over the first six months;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin achieved over 40% for the first time in April 2020, and again in July 2020 and November 2020, achieved over 50% for the first time in August 2020 and again in October 2020, averaging 44.5% over the last six months of 2020;
  • Acquisition Cemetery Revenue exceeded $2 million for the first five months of 2021, averaging $2.3 million, and for the first time exceeded $3 million in June 2021 at a record high of $3.6 million; and
  • Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin for the first six months of 2021 averaged 56.8%, achieving over 60% for the first time in January, then again in February at a record high of 69.2%, and ending the second quarter strong in May at 57.3% and June at 65.0%.

In summary, as opposed to the COVID-19 performance lift we got in our funeral portfolio, especially during the last quarter of 2020 and the first quarter of 2021, our cemetery portfolio sales, revenue and margin performance was dampened by the mandated restrictions throughout the Pandemic. We have emerged from the severe behavioral restrictions and mandates related to the COVID-19 Pandemic a much better company in all four Funeral and Cemetery Sectors as well as our Financial Sector, but the exciting part well understood within Carriage’s leadership and Board is that the high performance momentum in our cemetery portfolio is not only sustainable, but as Carlos and his team always say, “It’s A Great Time To Be At Carriage and The Best Is Yet To Come!” 

SAME STORE FUNERAL MONTHLY REVENUE TRENDS/DRIVERS SIX MONTHS ENDING JUNE 2021  
(000’s except for volume, averages)   2021 versus 2020  
Same Store Funeral    JAN FEB MAR   APR MAY JUN  
Contracts (volume) 2021   4,195     3,539     3,294     3,036     2,903     3,122    
Contracts (volume) 2020   3,136     2,849     3,073     3,185     2,942     2,929    
Volume Variance   1,059     690      221     (149 )   (39 )   193    
Average Revenue Per Contract 2021(1)   $ 5,167     $ 5,031     $ 5,222     $ 5,166     $ 5,231     $ 5,258    
Average Revenue Per Contract 2020(1)   $ 5,263     $ 5,245     $ 4,962     $ 4,621     $ 4,942     $ 5,134    
Average Revenue Per Contract Variance (ARPC)   $ (96 )   $ (214 )   $ 260     $ 545     $ 289     $ 124    
Operating Revenue 2021(1)   $ 21,677     $ 17,806     $ 17,200     $ 15,683     $ 15,184     $ 16,416    
Operating Revenue 2020(1)   $ 16,506     $ 14,942     $ 15,249     $ 14,719     $ 14,539     $ 15,038    
Operating Revenue Variance   $ 5,171     $ 2,864     $ 1,951     $ 964     $ 645     $ 1,378    
Net Revenue Volume Variance   $ 5,574     $ 3,619     $ 1,096     $ (689 )   $ (193 )   $ 991    
Net Revenue Average Variance   $ (403 )   $ (755 )   $ 855     $ 1,653     $       838     $ 387    
Net Revenue Variance   $ 5,171     $ 2,864     $ 1,951     $ 964     $ 645     $ 1,378    
(1) Excludes Preneed Funeral interest earnings reflected in Total Financial Revenue.    

As the above Same Store Funeral Revenue Trend Data makes clear, we have transitioned exceptionally well during each month of the second quarter from the peak COVID-19 Pandemic Funeral Revenue and Field EBITDA/Margin volume lift during December 2020 and January and February 2021, which was highly concentrated in our large California Funeral Portfolio. Beginning in March our Same Store Funeral positive contract volume variances began rapidly tapering off year over year and had small negative variances in April and May, yet recovered to a moderate positive volume variance in June that added another $1 million to our Same Store Funeral Revenue. After only moderate ARPC negative variances in January and February (our Managing Partners adapted quickly at the beginning of the Pandemic), the last four months of the first half of 2021 ending June produced moderate ARPC positive variances. Combined Volume and ARPC Revenue Variances produced a Total Same Store Funeral Revenue comparative increase of almost $10 million in the first quarter of 2021 followed by a comparative increase of almost $3 million in a more normalized death rate environment during the second quarter of 2021.

Undoubtedly, we are learning to live with COVID-19 in some variant form (Delta now) but likely adapting to other variant forms in the future, and to manage our personal affairs and businesses accordingly. There is also no doubt that a significant majority of our funeral businesses in all three geographic regions grew market share during the last fifteen months because of the amazingly innovative “high emotional value” services our entrepreneurial Managing Partners and their teams of employees produced for client families as opposed to what could not be done to serve these families that was communicated by government mandates, the media and even our competitors in many markets when these families needed help with their deceased loved ones the most.  

We have yet to have a negative year over year Same Store Funeral Revenue comparative month in 2021, and in June all three of our geographic regions were higher with the Western Region leading the way. We will be highly challenged during the second half of 2021 to maintain this achievement, especially in the fourth quarter during the peak volume spike beginning in December 2020. We do not believe we will experience a material year over year Total Revenue and Profit decline, as we have too many increasingly high and sustainable performance drivers in our two cemetery segments and financial segment, which when combined with our low cost balance sheet, increasing Free Cash Flow and disciplined yet flexible capital allocation, should continue to drive an acceleration in Shareholder Value Creation for the second half of 2021 and thereafter.

SECOND QUARTER / FIRST HALF 2021 VERSUS 2020 OVERHEAD / INCENTIVE COMPENSATION COMPARISON

Our public Five Year, Five Quarter and internal Monthly, Quarterly and Year-To-Date Trend Reports are broken into five separate operating and financial segments that reflect Revenue, Field EBITDA and Field EBITDA Margin “trends over time.” Our High Performance Standards for defining success in both our funeral and cemetery portfolios are designed and heavily weighted around these revenue and margin “trend metrics” with EBITDA (dollars) one of two primary determinants for our Being The Best Annual Incentive Program, and the other being compound annual revenue growth and margin range (more compound annual revenue growth and higher margin range pays increasingly more with no limit).

Our five field reporting segments do not conform to GAAP or SEC segment requirements, as we do not allocate any corporate overhead to our individual business units whose Managing Partners are judged only by what they control locally, i.e. their important share of one of the four operating segments in our Trend Reports (Same Store and Acquisition Funeral, Same Store and Acquisition Cemetery). The Total Field Revenue, EBITDA and EBITDA Margin are therefore the consolidated performance of our individual funeral home and cemetery businesses plus the financial revenue that has been recognized primarily from our three preneed trusts (funeral merchandise and service, cemetery merchandise and service, cemetery perpetual care).

Our Overhead segment is shown below Total Field EBITDA in our Trend Reports and is broken into three categories: Total Regional Overhead that is mostly fixed with four cost segments comprised of three Regional Partners and one National Sales and Marketing Partner (Carlos Quezada recently promoted to COO), plus seven Directors of Support-Operations and three Directors of Support-Sales; Total Corporate Overhead that is mostly fixed comprised of eight different departments in our Houston Support Center; and Total Variable Overhead consisting of two major categories, field and corporate incentive compensation accruals (and payments after each calendar year), and various types of non-recurring items (termination or severance costs, legal settlements, and natural disaster costs such as floods, hurricanes, Pandemic, etc.).

This past year of the COVID-19 Pandemic created a lot of distortion at certain points in our Variable Overhead reporting as shown below in the comparison of second quarter 2021 to second quarter 2020 and first half of 2021 to first half 2020.

SECOND QUARTER AND FIRST HALF OVERHEAD COMPARISONS (000'S)
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
Overhead   2020     2021   Variance $ Variance %     2020     2021   Variance $ Variance %
                   
Total Variable $ 3,737   $ 4,545   $ 808   21.6 %   $ 5,373   $ 11,445   $ 6,072   113.0 %
Total Regional   872     1,356     484   55.5 %     1,910     2,555     645   33.8 %
Total Corporate   4,933     5,538     605   12.3 %     10,130     11,038     908   9.0 %
Total Overhead $ 9,542   $ 11,439   $ 1,897   19.9 %   $ 17,413   $ 25,038   $ 7,625   43.8 %
% Total Revenue   12.3 %   13.0 % 70 bp   5.7 %     11.2 %   13.5 % 230 bp   20.5 %
Corporate Incentive Compensation $ 1,225   $ 1,000   $ (225 ) (18.4 %)   $ 1,225   $ 2,100   $ 875   71.4 %
Field Incentive Compensation   1,475     3,073     1,598   108.3 %     2,268     6,099     3,831   168.9 %
Separation Expenses   64     144     80   125.0 %     548     1,732     1,184   216.1 %
Pandemic Costs   313     147     (166 ) (53.0 %)     416     1,001     585   140.6 %
Acquis./Divest. Expenses   46     42     (4 ) (8.7 %)     218     227     9   4.1 %
Other Variable   614     139     (475 ) (77.4 %)     698     286     (412 ) (59.0 %)
Total Variable Overhead $ 3,737   $ 4,545   $ 808   21.6 %   $ 5,373   $ 11,445   $ 6,072   113.0 %
% Total Revenue   4.8 %   5.1 % 30 bp   6.3 %     3.5 %   6.2 % 270 bp   77.1 %

The initial shock of the COVID-19 Pandemic in mid-March of 2020 caused us to plan for the worst (drew down $20 million on our bank credit lines to build a cash cushion) and control/reduce all costs until we could have more certainty about the performance impact on our business and financial flexibility. Our Executive and Senior Leadership Teams immediately took salary reductions and we eliminated all corporate incentive compensation. After adapting quickly beginning in mid-April 2020, our performance trended higher month by month and accelerated during the second half of last year.

Once the Total Revenue, Field EBITDA / EBITDA Margin and Free Cash Flow / Free Cash Flow Margin Trends became our friend in the second quarter of 2020, we began to rapidly deleverage, eliminated the salary reductions and began to add increasingly high amounts of corporate and field incentive compensation to Total Variable Overhead starting in June 2020. Our Total Variable Overhead increased from $1.6 million in first quarter 2020 to $3.7 million in the second, $4.1 million in the third and then $6.7 million in the fourth as December 2020 exploded with broadly higher Revenue and EBITDA Margin performance across our funeral portfolio, especially in California. The takeaway is that after the initial under accrual of incentive compensation in the first quarter of 2020 and April and May in the second quarter of 2020, we began to accrue incentive compensation more aggressively starting in June 2020 but were never able to catch up to a more normalized monthly accrual policy because of our accelerating transformative high performance in the second half of last year.

We began accruing both corporate and field incentive compensation aggressively in January of this year and have continued to do so all during the first and second quarters, creating significant variances in incentive compensation in 2021 versus 2020 but especially in Field Incentive Compensation for the many High Performing Managing Partners of our funeral and cemetery businesses and their teams of employees. Our field incentive compensation increased $1.6 million (about 6 cents per share) or 108.3% in the second quarter 2021 compared to 2020, and $3.8 million (about 15 cents per share) or 168.9% in the first half 2021 compared to 2020. Total Overhead Margin as a percentage of Total Revenue should normalize over the Two Year Scenario ending 2022 (before any new acquisitions) within a range of 11% to 12% with Total Variable Overhead comprised of mostly incentive compensation representing about one-third of Total Overhead.

The really great news for our shareholders is that even after paying the most generous one and five year performance incentives to our High Performance Hero Managing Partners in the sixty year history of deathcare consolidation, the remaining share of the High Performance retained for Free Cash Flow Capital Allocation and Shareholder Value Creation should drive market beating compounded shareholder returns for the entire second five year timeframe of Carriage’s Good To Great II Journey ending in 2024. The Carriage High Performance Culture Framework is a concept that I explained in section XI on page 42 of my shareholder letter titled, “Observations about 2020 and The Evolution of our Standards Operating Model,” concluded Mr. Payne.

THE DATA DON’T LIE – A TALE TOLD WITH HIGH PERFORMANCE DATA

Ben Brink, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, stated, “Before I provide the updated and increased Rolling Four Quarter Outlook, 2021/2022 Two Year Scenario and CSV Intrinsic Value Per Share Range, I believe it is informative and insightful to review the amazing high performance transformation that Carriage has achieved over the last two and one half years, especially in our cemetery portfolio, as shown in the two tables below:

CARRIAGE HIGH PERFORMANCE TRANSFORMATION
Income Category Millions except Per Share 2018 – 12 Months 6/30/21 
  2018 2019 2020 12 Months
Ending
6/30/2021
(1)
$ Change % Change
Total Revenue $ 268.0   $ 274.1   $ 329.4   $ 359.4   $ 91.4   34.1 %
Total Field EBITDA $ 104.3   $ 109.8   $ 141.9   $ 164.4   $ 60.1   57.6 %
Total Field EBITDA Margin %   38.9 %   40.0 %   43.1 %   45.8 % 690 bp   17.7 %
             
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA $ 70.2   $ 76.6   $ 104.3   $ 119.3   $ 49.1   69.9 %
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin %   26.2 %   27.9 %   31.6 %   33.2 % 700 bp   26.7 %
             
Adjusted FCF $ 42.6   $ 38.8   $ 70.0   $ 78.9   $ 36.3   85.2 %
Adjusted FCF Margin %   15.9 %   14.2 %   21.2 %   22.0 % 610 bp   38.4 %
             
Adjusted Diluted EPS $ 1.17   $ 1.25   $ 1.86   $ 2.53   $ 1.36   116.2 %
Adjusted Diluted Proforma EPS(1) $ 1.17   NA   NA   $2.89(1)   $ 1.72   147.0 %

(1) Diluted EPS for the most recent 12 months ending 06/30/2021 is adjusted for lower annual interest cost of $9.5 million (pre-tax) from recent refinancing as if new $400 million 4.25% senior notes issued May 2021 was effective on June 30, 2020.

CEMETERY PORTFOLIO HIGH PERFORMANCE TRANSFORMATION
Data/Income Category Millions except Interments & Average 2018 – 12 Months 6/30/21 
  2018 2019 2020 12 Months
Ending
6/30/2021
$ Change % Change
Number of Interments Sold – Preneed   6,475     7,205     9,503     11,231     4,756   73.5 %
Preneed Property Average $ 3,551   $ 3,653   $ 4,033   $ 4,370   $ 819   23.1 %
Net Preneed Property Revenue $ 22,994   $ 26,320   $ 38,326   $ 49,081   $ 26,087   113.5 %
Total Preneed M&S Revenue $ 5,543   $ 5,664   $ 9,239   $ 11,097   $ 5,554   100.2 %
Total Preneed Sales Revenue $ 28,537   $ 31,984   $ 47,565   $ 60,178   $ 31,641   110.9 %
             
Total Cemetery Revenue $ 44,587   $ 49,317   $ 69,084   $ 86,027   $ 41,440   92.9 %
Total Cemetery Field EBITDA $ 13,831   $ 17,165   $ 26,626   $ 39,648   $ 25,817   186.7 %
Total Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin   31.0 %   34.8 %   38.5 %   46.1 % 1,510 bp   48.7 %

ACTUAL RESULTS, UPDATED TWO YEAR SCENARIO AND ROLLING FOUR QUARTER OUTLOOK

The increases in performance shown in the table below for our Rolling Four Quarter Outlook and updated Roughly Right Scenario for 2021 and 2022 is indicative of the momentum we continued to experience across our entire Company in the second quarter, as well as the expectation that the following five factors will be drivers of continued high performance throughout the balance of 2021 and all of 2022:   

  • Increased Cemetery Preneed Property Sales leading to higher Cemetery Revenue growth rates at Record and Sustainable Cemetery Field EBITDA Margins;
  • Continuation of local market share gains across our funeral home portfolio;
  • Growth in Average Revenue per Funeral Contract, particularly Cremation contracts;
  • Incremental Growth of Financial Revenue and Financial EBITDA; and
  • Higher Returns on Invested Capital from continued disciplined capital allocation combined with a lower Cost of Capital due to the recent completion of our senior note refinancing transaction.

Our updated Rolling Four Quarter Outlook and Roughly Right Range Two Year Scenario is our best estimate of our performance metrics over the next six quarters, and while uncertainties remain around the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on near term funeral contract volume, we have confidence in the known drivers of high performance to a degree that our belief is that we will continue to under-promise and over-deliver future performance, just as we have dramatically done since the beginning of 2020.

The updated Rolling Four Quarter Outlook (“RFQO”) and Roughly Right Range Scenario includes the full effect of our senior note refinancing transaction that lowered our annual interest costs by $9.5 million, which will add $0.36 of Adjusted Diluted EPS on a proforma basis. We have also included in this update a capital allocation scenario where 70% - 80% of our Adjusted Free Cash Flow is allocated to share repurchases, which we believe is the best capital allocation decision currently available due to the large discount between the current market value and our opinion of intrinsic value, which is specifically explained on the next page in the sections on our updated and Increased Intrinsic Value Roughly Right Range and Capital Allocation Framework.

Performance Metric 2019A 2020A LTM 2021 RFQO 2022 3 Year
Midpoint CAGR
Total Revenue $274.1 $329.4 $359.4 $345 - $355 $350 - $360 $355 - $365 9.5%
Total Field EBITDA $109.8 $141.9 $164.4 $157 - $162 $158 - $164 $161 - $167 14.3%
Total Field EBITDA Margin 40% 43% 45.8% 45% - 46% 45% - 46% 45% - 46% 4.4%
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA $76.6 $104.3 $119.3 $117 - $121 $118 - $122 $119 - $123 16.5%
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin 27.9% 31.6% 33.2% 32.5% - 33.5% 32.5% - 33.5% 32.5% - 33.5% 5.8%
Adjusted Diluted EPS $1.25 $1.86 $2.49 $2.65 - $2.75 $2.85 - $2.95 $3.10 - $3.20 36.1%
Diluted Shares Outstanding 18.0 18.1 18.4 17.8 17.5 16.8 (2.3%)
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $38.8 $70.0 $78.9 $72 - $75 $73 - $77 $75 - $79 25.7%
Adjusted FCF Margin 14.2% 21.2% 22.0% 20% - 21% 19.5% - 20.5% 21% - 22% 14.8%
Total Debt Outstanding $534(1) $461.1 $471.4 $470 - $480 $470 - $480 $470 - $480 (4.0)%
Total Debt to EBITDA Multiple 7.0(2) 4.4 3.9 3.8 - 4.0 3.8 – 4.0 3.8 - 4.0 N/A

(1) January 3, 2020 acquisition of Oakmont Memorial Park & Mortuary and peak debt.
(2) Does not include proforma EBITDA for acquisitions.

INCREASED ROUGHLY RIGHT RANGE OF INTRINSIC VALUE PER SHARE

We believe that Carriage has evolved into a superior Deathcare Industry Operating and Consolidation Shareholder Value Creation Platform because of its superior Free Cash Flow per dollar of revenue that can be allocated into intermediate to long term high Return on Invested Capital (“ROIC”) investments to optimize our intrinsic value over time. As Mel outlined in our press release on May 13, 2021, we therefore believe the most relevant methodology to use for determining our opinion of Carriage’s intrinsic value is Free Cash Flow Equity Yield.

The ‘Roughly Right Range’ of Free Cash Flow Equity Yield using a 1% range of discount rates of 6.4% to 7.4% applied to our mid-point 2022 Adjusted Free Cash Flow estimate of $77 million produces a total equity market value range of $1,203 million (6.4%) to $1,041 million (7.4%), which when divided by about 18 million shares currently outstanding equals a current “Roughly Right Range” of Intrinsic Value per CSV share of $57.81 - $66.84. Rounded down, our updated opinion for Carriage’s intrinsic value per share is: $55 - $65.

Using the midpoint of the Free Cash Flow Range for the RFQO of $75 million and about 18 million shares currently outstanding, our current share price of $36.30 provides shareholders a Free Cash Flow Equity Yield of about 11.5%, an extraordinarily high yield in a historically low yield environment that implies that our FCF is not sustainable into the future. In our opinion, a current Free Cash Flow Equity Yield of 11.5% compared to the midpoint 6.9% of our current cost of capital of 6.4% and former cost of capital pre-senior notes refinancing of 7.4% means our shares are currently priced at an approximately 65% discount to the midpoint of our updated range of intrinsic value of $60 per share.

CAPITAL ALLOCATION FRAMEWORK

With the successful completion of our senior note refinancing, we believe it is important to outline our updated Capital Allocation decision making framework that we will use moving forward. We strongly believe we have entered into a long term shareholder value creation capital allocation ‘sweet spot’ where we will have more opportunities to invest our high and recurring Free Cash Flow capital at higher rates of return. We have established a minimum ROIC Policy of 15% for invested capital but expect much higher intermediate to long term returns on a large majority of our growth investments. We will allocate capital within the following framework:

  • Strategic Acquisitions: We will prioritize acquisitions of the best remaining independent funeral homes and cemetery businesses in large strategic growth markets. Our four large and transformative strategic acquisitions at the end of 2019 set a new and much higher standard for the future growth criteria required to join our portfolio of Being The Best businesses.
  • Internal Growth Projects: Our internal growth capital expenditures will be focused on differentiated cemetery inventory development, targeted funeral home remodels and selective construction of new funeral homes in high growth markets to expand strong local brands of existing Carriage businesses.
  • Share Repurchases: We will prioritize open market share repurchases when our stock trades at a material discount of 10% or more compared to the bottom of the share price range of our publicly stated opinion of intrinsic value. Share repurchases will also be weighed versus near term larger strategic acquisition opportunities and our Net Debt to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Leverage Ratio Policy.
  • Dividends: As we have previously outlined, our policy will be for our annual dividend to approximate 10% of Adjusted Free Cash Flow and a 1% dividend equity yield on CSV shares.
  • Debt Repayment: We will maintain a moderate Net Debt to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Leverage Ratio of 4 times or less, most likely meaning that our total debt will remain relatively flat while Free Cash Flow is allocated to higher ROIC growth opportunities to accelerate intrinsic value per share.

We view the $19.9 million call premium payment to former 6.625% senior note holders as the most significant capital allocation decision of the second quarter, as it allowed us to lower our annual cash interest cost by $9.5 million and thereby lower our weighted average cost of capital by 100 basis points to 6.4%.

The senior note refinancing transaction combined with our recurring and growing Free Cash Flow provides us significantly more financial flexibility to pursue all of the shareholder value creation capital allocation options within our framework. During the second quarter we repurchased approximately 325,000 CSV shares (1.8% of outstanding shares) at an average price per share of about $38 for approximately $12.3 million. The updated and increased performance in our Rolling Four Quarter and 2021/2022 Outlooks on Page 10 reflects a reduction in our outstanding shares of almost 2 million shares or 10.8% from about 18.5 million shares at March 31, 2021 to 16.5 million shares at December 31, 2022 from share repurchases. Assuming our share price achieves the $55 per share bottom of our intrinsic value range by the end of 2022, the ROIC on the $12.3 million capital allocated to repurchase 1.8% of our outstanding shares during the last six weeks of the second quarter of 2021 would have been 44.7% in a little over eighteen months, or an annualized return of about 30% that will only increase over time.     

Our strong conviction is that there is low downside risk and high upside long term return certainty with share repurchases after a two and one half year transformation of our company that isn’t yet reflected in our share price. On July 26, 2021 our Board of Directors authorized another $25 million for our share repurchase program, which brings our total Board authorized share repurchase amount available to approximately $63.3 million. Given the continued strength and momentum in our operating and financial performance and the current substantial share price discount compared to our updated opinion of intrinsic value “Roughly Right Range” of $55 to $65 per share, we intend to prioritize a more rapid pace of open market share repurchases for the foreseeable future while maintaining our 4 times leverage policy.

ADJUSTED FREE CASH FLOW AND LEVERAGE RATIO

    Six Months Ended June 30  
      2020       2021      
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities   $ 31,001     $ 41,441      
Cash used for Maintenance Capital Expenditures     (2,898 )     (4,602 )    
Free Cash Flow   $ 28,103     $ 36,839      
                 
Plus: Incremental Special Items:                
Acquisition Expenses     159       ˗˗    
Severance and Separation Costs     563       1,575      
Litigation Reserve     270       ˗˗    
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs     972       1,039      
Other Special Items     418            
Adjusted Free Cash Flow   $ 30,485     $ 39,453      

Our Adjusted Free Cash Flow through the first six months in 2021 increased 29.4% to $39.5 million and our Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin, which is the amount of Free Cash Flow for every dollar of Revenue, increased 160 basis points to 21.3%. For the last twelve months our Adjusted Free Cash Flow totaled $78.9 million and our Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin expanded to 22.0%. Our second quarter Adjusted Free Cash Flow was approximately $5.6 million lower at $12.3 million compared to last year due to higher cash taxes paid and higher maintenance capital expenditures in the quarter.

Our Net Debt to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Leverage Ratio increased slightly to 3.95 times compared to 3.8 times at the end of the first quarter, primarily due to the $19.9 million call premium payment we made in connection with our senior note refinancing completed on May 13th. Post the completion of our senior note refinancing transaction, we have greater financial flexibility to allocate capital in order to accelerate shareholder value creation, while maintaining a more moderate Net Debt to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Leverage Ratio of 4 times or below as a matter of policy.

TRUST FUND INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE

      YTD 2021   12 months Ended
Q2 2021
  Annualized 2009
-

Q2 2021
CSV Discretionary Portfolio     14.2 %   39.6 %   14.5 %
S&P 500     15.2 %   40.8 %   15.6 %
DJIA     13.8 %   36.3 %   14.4 %
NASDAQ     12.9 %   45.3 %   20.8 %
HY Bond Index     3.6 %   15.4 %   10.9 %
70/30 HY/S&P Bond     7.1 %   23.0 %   12.6 %

The strong performance of our discretionary trust fund portfolio continued through the second quarter, as year to date portfolio return was 14.2% versus 15.2% for the S&P 500 and 7.1% for our 70/30 HY Bond/S&P 500 benchmark. For the last twelve months our total return for our discretionary trust portfolio was 39.6% compared to 40.8% for the S&P 500 and 23.0% for our 70/30 HY Bond/S&P 500 benchmark.

As a result of the successful completion of our trust fund repositioning strategy at the depths of the COVID-19 Market Crisis last year, we realized approximately $25 million of capital gains and increased recurring annual income by approximately $8 million to $17.4 million.  The increase in recurring annual income over the past twelve months has primarily benefited the recognized Financial Revenue and Financial EBITDA from our perpetual care trusts, while the $25 million realized in capital gains have primarily accrued to outstanding preneed funeral and cemetery merchandise and service trust contracts.  The realized gains will have a positive impact on current and future trends in reported Financial Revenue and Financial EBITDA as a result of the recognized higher value of maturing preneed funeral and cemetery contracts.

Financial Revenue increased 23.5% to $11 million and Financial EBITDA increased 24.1% to $10.2 million for the first six months of the year. We currently expect that the high amount of recurring income earned through our cemetery perpetual care trusts and higher recognized values on maturing preneed funeral and cemetery contracts will continue to drive incrementally higher annual amounts of reported Financial Revenue to approximately $23 million at Financial EBITDA Margins of 94.0% - 94.5% in 2021 and 2022,” concluded Mr. Brink.

CONFERENCE CALL AND INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT

Carriage Services has scheduled a conference call for tomorrow, July 28, 2021 at 9:30 a.m. Central time. To participate in the call, please dial 866-516-3867 (conference ID-1780007) and ask for the Carriage Services conference call. A replay of the conference call will be available through August 2, 2021 and may be accessed by dialing 855-859-2056 (conference ID-1780007). The conference call will also be available at www.carriageservices.com. For any investor relations questions, please contact Ben Brink at 713-332-8441 or email InvestorRelations@carriageservices.com.

 

CARRIAGE SERVICES, INC.
OPERATING AND FINANCIAL TREND REPORT
(IN THOUSANDS - EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
           
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020
  2021
  % Change   2020
  2021
  % Change
               
Same Store Contracts              
Atneed Contracts 7,534   7,702   2.2 %   15,073   16,997   12.8 %
Preneed Contracts 1,522   1,359   (10.7 %)   3,041   3,092   1.7 %
Total Same Store Funeral Contracts 9,056   9,061   0.1 %   18,114   20,089   10.9 %
Acquisition Contracts              
Atneed Contracts 1,788   1,505   (15.8 %)   3,394   3,366   (0.8 %)
Preneed Contracts 153   120   (21.6 %)   280   261   (6.8 %)
Total Acquisition Funeral Contracts 1,941   1,625   (16.3 %)   3,674   3,627   (1.3 %)
Total Funeral Contracts 10,997   10,686   (2.8 %)   21,788   23,716   8.8 %
               
Funeral Operating Revenue              
Same Store Revenue $ 44,296   $ 47,284   6.7 %   $ 90,992   $ 103,967   14.3 %
Acquisition Revenue 9,023   8,557   (5.2 %)   17,908   18,696   4.4 %
Total Funeral Operating Revenue $ 53,319   $ 55,841   4.7 %   $ 108,900   $ 122,663   12.6 %
               
Cemetery Operating Revenue              
Same Store Revenue $ 11,565   $ 16,516   42.8 %   $ 22,439   $ 31,083   38.5 %
Acquisition Revenue 4,056   8,175   101.6 %   6,855   15,155   121.1 %
Total Cemetery Operating Revenue $ 15,621   $ 24,691   58.1 %   $ 29,294   $ 46,238   57.8 %
               
Total Financial Revenue $ 4,674   $ 5,340   14.2 %   $ 8,903   $ 10,996   23.5 %
               
Ancillary Revenue $ 1,117   $ 1,088   (2.6 %)   $ 2,268   $ 2,295   1.2 %
               
Total Divested/Planned Divested Revenue $ 2,746   $ 1,317   (52.0 %)   $ 5,602   $ 2,722   (51.4 %)
               
Total Revenue $ 77,477   $ 88,277   13.9 %   $ 154,967   $ 184,914   19.3 %
               
Field EBITDA              
Same Store Funeral Field EBITDA $ 18,725   $ 18,659   (0.4 %)   $ 36,787   $ 44,471   20.9 %
Same Store Funeral Field EBITDA Margin 42.3 % 39.5 % (280 bp)   40.4 % 42.8 % 240 bp
Acquisition Funeral Field EBITDA 3,755   3,261   (13.2 %)   7,002   7,728   10.4 %
Acquisition Funeral Field EBITDA Margin 41.6 % 38.1 % (350 bp)   39.1 % 41.3 % 220 bp
Total Funeral Field EBITDA $ 22,480   $ 21,920   (2.5 %)   $ 43,789   $ 52,199   19.2 %
Total Funeral Field EBITDA Margin 42.2 % 39.3 % (290 bp)   40.2 % 42.6 % 240 bp
               
Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA $ 3,666   $ 7,579   106.7 %   $ 6,838   $ 13,284   94.3 %
Same Store Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin 31.7 % 45.9 % 1,420 bp   30.5 % 42.7 % 1,220 bp
Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA 1,435   4,737   230.1 %   2,262   8,839   290.8 %
Acquisition Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin 35.4 % 57.9 % 2,250 bp   33.0 % 58.3 % 2,530 bp
Total Cemetery Field EBITDA $ 5,101   $ 12,316   141.4 %   $ 9,100   $ 22,123   143.1 %
Total Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin 32.7 % 49.9 % 1,720 bp   31.1 % 47.8 % 1,670 bp
               
Total Financial EBITDA $ 4,448   $ 4,993   12.3 %   $ 8,260   $ 10,248   24.1 %
Total Financial EBITDA Margin 95.2 % 93.5 % (170 bp)   92.8 % 93.2 % 40 bp
               
Ancillary EBITDA $ 321   $ 274   (14.6 %)   $ 616   $ 516   (16.2 %)
Ancillary EBITDA Margin 28.7 % 25.2 % (350 bp)   27.2 % 22.5 % (470 bp)
               
Total Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA $ 871   $ 511   (41.3 %)   $ 1,550   $ 715   (53.9 %)
Total Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA Margin 31.7 % 38.8 % 710 bp   27.7 % 26.3 % (140 bp)
               
Total Field EBITDA $ 33,221   $ 40,014   20.4 %   $ 63,315   $ 85,801   35.5 %
Total Field EBITDA Margin 42.9 % 45.3 % 240 bp   40.9 % 46.4 % 550 bp


OPERATING AND FINANCIAL TREND REPORT
(IN THOUSANDS - EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
               
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020
  2021
  % Change   2020
  2021
  % Change
               
Overhead              
Total Variable Overhead $ 3,737   $ 4,545   21.6 %   $ 5,373   $ 11,445   113.0 %
Total Regional Fixed Overhead 872   1,356   55.5 %   1,910   2,555   33.8 %
Total Corporate Fixed Overhead 4,933   5,538   12.3 %   10,130   11,038   9.0 %
Total Overhead $ 9,542   $ 11,439   19.9 %   $ 17,413   $ 25,038   43.8 %
Overhead as a percentage of Revenue 12.3 % 13.0 % 70 bp   11.2 % 13.5 % 230 bp
               
Consolidated EBITDA $ 23,679   $ 28,575   20.7 %   $ 45,902   $ 60,763   32.4 %
Consolidated EBITDA Margin 30.6 % 32.4 % 180 bp   29.6 % 32.9 % 330 bp
               
Other Expenses and Interest              
Depreciation & Amortization $ 4,698   $ 5,594       $ 9,247   $ 10,536    
Non-Cash Stock Compensation 715   1,230       1,546   2,538    
Interest Expense 8,352   7,478       16,780   15,062    
Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes 66         131   20    
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt   23,807         23,807    
Net (Gain) Loss on Divestitures   205         (103 )  
Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangibles         14,693      
Net Loss on Disposal of Fixed Assets   622         622    
Other, Net 2   (2 )     6   66    
Pre-Tax Income (Loss) $ 9,846   $ (10,359 )     $ 3,499   $ 8,215    
Net Tax Expense (Benefit)   3,449     (4,192 )       1,299     1,449    
GAAP Net Income (Loss) $ 6,397   $ (6,167 ) (196.4 %)   $ 2,200   $ 6,766   207.5 %
               
Special Items, Net of Tax, except for **              
Acquisition Expenses $ 36   $       $ 126   $    
Severance and Separation Costs 217   (118 )     445   1,126    
Performance Awards Cancellation and Exchange 56         56      
Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes ** 66         131   20    
Net (Gain) Loss on Divestitures and Other Costs   139         (74 )  
Net Impact of Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangibles 51         9,808      
Litigation Reserve 154         213      
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt   17,022         17,022    
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs 657   37       768   743    
Other Special Items 371   954       371   954    
Adjusted Net Income $ 8,005   $ 11,867   48.2 %   $ 14,118   $ 26,557   88.1 %
Adjusted Net Income Margin 10.3 % 13.4 % 310 bp   9.1 % 14.4 % 530 bp
               
Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Share $ 0.45   $ 0.66   46.7 %   $ 0.79   $ 1.48   87.3 %
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share $ 0.45   $ 0.64   42.2 %   $ 0.79   $ 1.45   83.5 %
               
GAAP Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Share $ 0.36   $ (0.34 ) (194.4 %)   $ 0.12   $ 0.38   216.7 %
GAAP Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share $ 0.36   $ (0.33 ) (191.7 %)   $ 0.12   $ 0.37   208.3 %
               
Weighted Average Basic Shares Outstanding 17,860   17,967       17,833   17,966    
Weighted Average Diluted Shares Outstanding 17,889   18,511       17,862   18,364    
               
Reconciliation to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA              
Consolidated EBITDA $ 23,679   $ 28,575   20.7 %   $ 45,902   $ 60,763   32.4 %
Acquisition Expenses 45         159      
Severance and Separation Costs 275         563   1,575    
Litigation Reserve 195         270      
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs 832   145       972   1,039    
Other Special Items 418         418      
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA $ 25,444   $ 28,720   12.9 %   $ 48,284   $ 63,377   31.3 %
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin 32.8 % 32.5 % (30 bp)   31.2 % 34.3 % 310 bp


CARRIAGE SERVICES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET 
(in thousands)
 
      (unaudited)
  December 31, 2020   June 30, 2021
ASSETS      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 889     $ 1,493  
Accounts receivable, net 25,103     23,835  
Inventories 7,259     7,333  
Prepaid and other current assets 2,076     2,862  
Total current assets 35,327     35,523  
Preneed cemetery trust investments 86,604     98,539  
Preneed funeral trust investments 101,235     109,791  
Preneed cemetery receivables, net 21,081     22,427  
Receivables from funeral preneed trusts, net 16,844     17,758  
Property, plant and equipment, net 269,051     267,431  
Cemetery property, net 101,134     100,552  
Goodwill 392,978     391,972  
Intangible and other non-current assets, net 29,542     29,464  
Operating lease right-of-use assets 21,201     20,256  
Cemetery perpetual care trust investments 70,828     75,290  
Total assets $ 1,145,825     $ 1,169,003  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY      
Current liabilities:      
Current portion of debt and lease obligations $ 3,432     $ 3,172  
Accounts payable 11,259     11,650  
Accrued and other liabilities 31,138     33,671  
Convertible subordinated notes due 2021 2,538      
Total current liabilities 48,367     48,493  
Acquisition debt, net of current portion 4,482     4,401  
Credit facility 46,064     58,937  
Senior notes 395,968     394,303  
Obligations under finance leases, net of current portion 5,531     5,356  
Obligations under operating leases, net of current portion 20,302     19,420  
Deferred preneed cemetery revenue 47,846     48,672  
Deferred preneed funeral revenue 27,992     29,143  
Deferred tax liability 46,477     42,016  
Other long-term liabilities 4,748     3,162  
Deferred preneed cemetery receipts held in trust 86,604     98,539  
Deferred preneed funeral receipts held in trust 101,235     109,791  
Care trusts’ corpus 69,707     73,899  
Total liabilities 905,323     936,132  
Commitments and contingencies      
Stockholders’ equity:      
Common stock 260     262  
Additional paid-in capital 239,989     237,891  
Retained earnings 102,303     109,069  
Treasury stock (102,050 )   (114,351 )
Total stockholders’ equity   240,502       232,871  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 1,145,825     $ 1,169,003  


CARRIAGE SERVICES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited and in thousands, except per share data)
 
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
    2020       2021       2020       2021  
               
Revenue:              
Service revenue $ 38,880     $ 40,119     $ 79,612     $ 87,876  
Property and merchandise revenue 32,642     41,606     63,913     83,502  
Other revenue 5,955     6,552     11,442     13,536  
  77,477     88,277     154,967     184,914  
Field costs and expenses:              
Cost of service 18,622     19,583     39,679     40,550  
Cost of merchandise 24,612     27,520     49,675     56,040  
Cemetery property amortization 1,097     2,175     1,974     3,692  
Field depreciation expense 3,247     3,142     6,537     6,278  
Regional and unallocated funeral and cemetery costs 3,717     5,770     6,473     11,843  
Other expenses 1,022     1,160     2,298     2,523  
  52,317     59,350     106,636     120,926  
Gross profit 25,160     28,927     48,331     63,988  
               
Corporate costs and expenses:              
General, administrative and other 6,540     6,899     12,486     15,733  
Home office depreciation and amortization 354     277     736     566  
Net loss on divestitures, disposals and impairment charges     827     14,693     519  
Operating income 18,266     20,924     20,416     47,170  
               
Interest expense (8,352 )   (7,478 )   (16,780 )   (15,062 )
Accretion of discount on convertible subordinated notes (66 )       (131 )   (20 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt     (23,807 )       (23,807 )
Other, net (2 )   2     (6 )   (66 )
Income (loss) before income taxes 9,846     (10,359 )   3,499     8,215  
Benefit (expense) for income taxes (3,299 )   3,417     (1,163 )   (2,341 )
Tax adjustment related to certain discrete items (150 )   775     (136 )   892  
Total benefit (expense) for income taxes (3,449 )   4,192     (1,299 )   (1,449 )
Net income (loss) $ 6,397     $ (6,167 )   $ 2,200     $ 6,766  
               
Basic earnings (loss) per common share: $ 0.36     $ (0.34 )   $ 0.12     $ 0.38  
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share: $ 0.36     $ (0.33 )   $ 0.12     $ 0.37  
               
Dividends declared per common share: $ 0.075     $ 0.100     $ 0.150     $ 0.200  
               
Weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding:              
Basic 17,860     17,967     17,833     17,966  
Diluted 17,889     18,511     17,862     18,364  


CARRIAGE SERVICES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited and in thousands)
 
  Six Months Ended June 30,
    2020       2021  
Cash flows from operating activities:      
Net income $ 2,200     $ 6,766  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization 9,247     10,536  
Provision for credit losses 1,507     849  
Stock-based compensation expense 1,546     2,537  
Deferred income tax expense (benefit) 4,867     (4,461 )
Amortization of intangibles 638     645  
Amortization of debt issuance costs 393     345  
Amortization and accretion of debt 282     201  
Loss on extinguishment of debt     23,807  
Net loss on divestitures, disposals and impairment charges 14,789     700  
Other 19      
Changes in operating assets and liabilities that provided (required) cash:      
Accounts and preneed receivables 2,231     (702 )
Inventories, prepaid and other current assets (6,610 )   (894 )
Intangible and other non-current assets (503 )   (592 )
Preneed funeral and cemetery trust investments 214     (18,473 )
Accounts payable (516 )   (471 )
Accrued and other liabilities (411 )   1,382  
Deferred preneed funeral and cemetery revenue 1,054     1,977  
Deferred preneed funeral and cemetery receipts held in trust 54     17,289  
Net cash provided by operating activities 31,001     41,441  
       
Cash flows from investing activities:      
Acquisition of businesses and real estate (28,011 )   (2,935 )
Proceeds from divestitures and sale of other assets 78     3,622  
Proceeds from insurance reimbursements     120  
Capital expenditures (5,786 )   (8,751 )
Net cash used in investing activities (33,719 )   (7,944 )
       
Cash flows from financing activities:      
Borrowings from the credit facility 75,900     100,868  
Payments against the credit facility (70,000 )   (87,568 )
Payment of call premium for the redemption of the senior notes due 2026     (19,876 )
Payment of debt issuance and transaction costs (66 )   (6,430 )
Conversions and maturity of the convertible subordinated notes due 2021     (3,980 )
Payments on acquisition debt and obligations under finance leases (679 )   (452 )
Payments on contingent consideration recorded at acquisition date (169 )   (461 )
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options and employee stock purchase plan contributions 624     1,495  
Taxes paid on restricted stock vestings and exercises of stock options (234 )   (1,323 )
Dividends paid on common stock (2,682 )   (3,607 )
Purchase of treasury stock     (11,559 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 2,694     (32,893 )
       
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (24 )   604  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 716     889  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year $ 692     $ 1,493  

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

This press release uses Non-GAAP financial measures to present the financial performance of the Company. Our non-GAAP reporting provides a transparent framework of our operating and financial performance that reflects the earning power of the Company as an operating and consolidation platform.

Non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as an alternative for, the Company’s reported operating results or cash flow from operations or any other measure of performance as determined in accordance with GAAP. We believe the Non-GAAP results are useful to investors to compare our results to previous periods, to provide insight into the underlying long-term performance trends in our business and to provide the opportunity to differentiate ourselves as the best consolidation platform in the industry against the performance of other funeral and cemetery companies.

Reconciliations of the Non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP measures are also provided in this press release.

The term “same store” refers to funeral homes and cemeteries acquired prior to January 1, 2017 and owned and operated for the entirety of each period being presented, excluding certain funeral home and cemetery businesses that we intend to divest. The term “acquired” or “acquisition” refers to funeral homes and cemeteries purchased after December 31, 2016, excluding any funeral home and cemetery businesses that we intend to divest.

The Non-GAAP financial measures used in this press release and the definitions of them used by the Company for our internal management purposes in this press release are described below.

  • Special Items are defined as charges or credits included in our GAAP financial statements that can vary from period to period and are not reflective of costs incurred in the ordinary course of our operations. In 2020, Special Items are taxed at the federal statutory rate of 21.0%, except the Net (Gain) Loss on Divestitures and Other Costs and the Net Impact of Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangibles, which are taxed at the operating tax rate in the respective quarter. In 2021, Special Items are taxed at the operating tax rate in the respective quarter. The Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes and the Tax Adjustment Related to Certain Discrete Items are not tax effected.
  • Adjusted Net Income is defined as net income after adjustments for Special Items that we believe do not directly reflect our core operations and may not be indicative of our normal business operations.
  • Adjusted Net Income Margin is defined as Adjusted Net Income as a percentage of total revenue.
  • Consolidated EBITDA is defined as net income before income taxes, interest expenses, non-cash stock compensation, depreciation and amortization, and interest income and other, net.
  • Consolidated EBITDA Margin is defined as Consolidated EBITDA as a percentage of total revenue.
  • Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA is defined as Consolidated EBITDA after adjustments for Special Items that we believe do not directly reflect our core operations and may not be indicative of our normal business operations.
  • Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin is defined as Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA as a percentage of total revenue.
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow is defined as cash flow provided by operating activities, adjusted by Special Items as deemed necessary, less cash for maintenance capital expenditures.
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin is defined as Adjusted Free Cash Flow as a percentage of total revenue.
  • Funeral Field EBITDA is defined as funeral operating income, excluding depreciation and amortization, regional and unallocated costs, gain/loss on divestitures and impairment charges, Financial EBITDA, Ancillary EBITDA and Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA related to the Funeral Home segment.
  • Funeral Field EBITDA Margin is defined as Funeral Field EBITDA as a percentage of total funeral operating revenue.
  • Cemetery Field EBITDA is defined as cemetery operating income, excluding depreciation and amortization, regional and unallocated costs, gain/loss on divestitures and impairment charges, Financial EBITDA and Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA related to the Cemetery segment.
  • Cemetery Field EBITDA Margin is defined as Cemetery Field EBITDA as a percentage of total cemetery operating revenue.
  • Funeral Financial EBITDA is defined as Funeral Financial Revenue (preneed funeral insurance commissions and preneed funeral trust and insurance) less the related expenses. Funeral Financial Revenue and the related expenses are presented within Other Revenue and Other Expenses, respectively, on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
  • Funeral Financial EBITDA Margin is defined as Funeral Financial EBITDA as a percentage of Funeral Financial Revenue.
  • Cemetery Financial EBITDA is defined as Cemetery Financial Revenue (preneed cemetery trust earnings and preneed cemetery finance charges) less the related expenses. Cemetery Financial Revenue and the related expenses are presented within Other Revenue and Other Expenses, respectively, on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
  • Cemetery Financial EBITDA Margin is defined as Cemetery Financial EBITDA as a percentage of Cemetery Financial Revenue.
  • Total Financial Revenue is the sum of Funeral Financial Revenue (preneed funeral insurance commissions and preneed funeral trust and insurance) and Cemetery Financial Revenue (preneed cemetery trust earnings and preneed cemetery finance charges).
  • Total Financial EBITDA is the sum of Funeral Financial EBITDA and Cemetery Financial EBITDA.
  • Total Financial EBITDA Margin is defined as Total Financial EBITDA as a percentage of Funeral Financial Revenue and Cemetery Financial Revenue.
  • Ancillary Revenue is defined as revenues from our ancillary businesses, which include a flower shop, pet cremation business and online cremation business. Ancillary Revenue and the related expenses are presented within Other Revenue and Other Expenses, respectively, on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
  • Ancillary EBITDA is defined as Ancillary Revenue, less expenses related to our ancillary businesses noted above.
  • Ancillary EBITDA Margin is defined as Ancillary EBITDA as a percentage of Ancillary Revenue.
  • Divested/Planned Divested Revenue is defined as revenues from certain funeral home and cemetery businesses that we have divested and intend to divest.
  • Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA is defined as Divested/Planned Divested Revenue, less field level and financial expenses related to the divested/planned divested businesses noted above.
  • Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA Margin is defined as Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA as a percentage of Divested/Planned Divested Revenue.
  • Total Field EBITDA is the sum of Funeral Field EBITDA, Cemetery Field EBITDA, Total Financial EBITDA, Ancillary EBITDA and Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA.
  • Total Field EBITDA Margin is defined as Total Field EBITDA as a percentage of total revenue.
  • Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Share (EPS) is defined as GAAP basic earnings per share, adjusted for Special Items.
  • Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS) is defined as GAAP diluted earnings per share, adjusted for Special Items.
  • Total Debt Outstanding is defined as indebtedness under our bank credit facility, Senior Notes due 2029, acquisition debt and finance leases.
  • Total Debt to EBITDA Multiple/Ratio is defined as Total Debt Outstanding to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA.

Funeral Field EBITDA and Cemetery Field EBITDA

Our operations are reported in two business segments: Funeral Home Operations and Cemetery Operations. Our Field level results highlight trends in volumes, Revenue, Field EBITDA (the individual business’ cash earning power/locally controllable business profit) and Field EBITDA Margin (the individual business’ controllable profit margin).

Funeral Field EBITDA and Cemetery Field EBITDA are defined above. Funeral and Cemetery Operating Income is defined as Revenue less “Field costs and expenses” - a line item encompassing these areas of costs: i) Funeral and cemetery field costs, ii) Field depreciation and amortization expense, iii) Regional and unallocated funeral and cemetery costs, and iv) Gain/loss on divestitures, disposals and impairment charges. Funeral and cemetery field costs include cost of service, funeral and cemetery merchandise costs, operating expenses, labor and other related expenses incurred at the business level.

Regional and unallocated funeral and cemetery costs presented in our GAAP statement consist primarily of salaries and benefits of our Regional leadership, incentive compensation opportunity to our Field employees and other related costs for field infrastructure. These costs, while necessary to operate our businesses as currently operated within our unique, decentralized platform, are not controllable operating expenses at the Field level as the composition, structure and function of these costs are determined by executive leadership in the Houston Support Center. These costs are components of our overall overhead platform presented within Consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA. We do not directly or indirectly “push down” any of these expenses to the individual business’ field level margins.

We believe that our “Regional and unallocated funeral and cemetery costs” are necessary to support our decentralized, high performance culture operating framework, and as such, are included in Consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA, which more accurately reflects the cash earning power of the Company as an operating and consolidation platform.

Consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA

Consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA are defined above. Our Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA include adjustments for Special Items that we believe do not directly reflect our core operations and may not be indicative of our normal business operations.

How These Measures Are Useful

When used in conjunction with GAAP financial measures, our Total Field EBITDA, Consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA are supplemental measures of operating performance that we believe are useful measures to facilitate comparisons to our historical consolidated and business level performance and operating results.

We believe our presentation of Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA, a key metric used internally by our management, provides investors with a supplemental view of our operating performance that facilitates analysis and comparisons of our ongoing business operations because it excludes items that may not be indicative of our ongoing operating performance.

Limitations of the Usefulness of These Measures

Our Total Field EBITDA, Consolidated EBITDA and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies due to different methods of calculation. Our presentation is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Funeral Field EBITDA, Cemetery Field EBITDA, Funeral Financial EBITDA, Cemetery Financial EBITDA, Ancillary EBITDA and Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA are not consolidated measures of profitability.

Funeral and Cemetery Field EBITDA excludes certain costs presented in our GAAP statement that we do not allocate to the individual business’ field level margins, as noted above. A reconciliation to Funeral and Cemetery Operating Income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is set forth below.

Consolidated EBITDA excludes certain items that we believe do not directly reflect our core operations and may not be indicative of our normal business operations. A reconciliation to Net Income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is set forth below.

Therefore, these measures may not provide a complete understanding of our performance and should be reviewed in conjunction with our GAAP financial measures. Carriage Services strongly encourages investors to review the Company's consolidated financial statements and publicly filed reports in their entirety and not rely on any single financial measure.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures:

This press release includes the use of certain financial measures that are not GAAP measures. The Non-GAAP financial measures are presented for additional information and are reconciled to their most comparable GAAP measures, all of which are reflected in the tables below.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted Net Income (in thousands):

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
Net Income (Loss) $ 6,397     $ 5,525     $ 8,365     $ 12,933     $ (6,167 )
Special Items, Net of Tax(1)(2)                  
Acquisition Expenses 36         (135 )        
Severance and Separation Costs 217             1,244     (118 )
Performance Awards Cancellation and Exchange 56     84     84          
Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes(1) 66     69     16     20      
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt                 17,022  
Net (Gain) Loss on Divestitures and Other Costs(2)     3,245     1,317     (213 )   139  
Net Impact of Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangibles(2) 51         124          
Litigation Reserve 154                  
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs 657     268     250     706     37  
Other Special Items 371     (47 )           954  
Tax Adjustment Related to Certain Discrete Items (1)         400          
Adjusted Net Income $ 8,005     $ 9,144     $ 10,421     $ 14,690     $ 11,867  
 
(1) The Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes and the Tax Adjustment Related to Certain Discrete Items are not tax effected.
(2) In 2020, Special Items are taxed at the federal statutory rate of 21.0%, except the Net (Gain) Loss on Divestitures and Other Costs and the Net Impact of Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangibles, which are taxed at the operating tax rate in the respective quarter. In 2021, Special Items are taxed at the operating tax rate in the respective quarter.


Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Consolidated EBITDA, Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA (in thousands) and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin:

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
Net Income (Loss) $ 6,397     $ 5,525     $ 8,365     $ 12,933     $ (6,167 )
Total Expense (Benefit) for Income Taxes 3,449     2,859     4,394     5,641     (4,192 )
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes $ 9,846     $ 8,384     $ 12,759     $ 18,574     $ (10,359 )
                   
Interest Expense 8,352     8,007     7,728     7,584     7,478  
Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes 66     69     16     20      
Non-Cash Stock Compensation 715     927     897     1,308     1,230  
Depreciation & Amortization 4,698     5,033     5,109     4,942     5,594  
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt     6             23,807  
Net (Gain) Loss on Divestitures     4,917     1,832     (308 )   205  
Net Loss on Disposal of Fixed Assets                 622  
Other, Net 2     28     (186 )   68     (2 )
Consolidated EBITDA $ 23,679     $ 27,371     $ 28,155     $ 32,188     $ 28,575  
Adjusted For:                  
Acquisition Expenses 45         (170 )        
Severance and Separation Costs 275             1,575      
Litigation Reserve 195                  
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs 832     340     315     894     145  
Other Special Items 418     (45 )            
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA $ 25,444     $ 27,666     $ 28,300     $ 34,657     $ 28,720  
                   
Revenue $ 77,477     $ 84,393     $ 90,088     $ 96,637     $ 88,277  
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin 32.8 %     32.8 %     31.4 %     35.9 %     32.5 %


Reconciliation of Funeral and Cemetery Operating Income to Funeral and Cemetery Field EBITDA (in thousands):

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
Funeral Operating Income (GAAP) $ 19,869     $ 13,975     $ 19,467     $ 25,876     $ 16,604  
Depreciation & Amortization 2,895     2,885     2,862     2,769     2,766  
Regional & Unallocated Costs 2,788     3,859     5,375     4,569     4,023  
Net Loss on Divestitures, Disposals and Impairment Charges     4,917     1,832     (308 )   791  
Less:                  
Funeral Financial EBITDA (1,921 )   (2,119 )   (2,150 )   (2,251 )   (1,871 )
Ancillary EBITDA (321 )   (292 )   (278 )   (242 )   (274 )
Funeral Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA (830 )   (378 )   (310 )   (134 )   (119 )
Funeral Field EBITDA $ 22,480     $ 22,847     $ 26,798     $ 30,279     $ 21,920  


  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
Cemetery Operating Income (GAAP) $ 5,291     $ 8,982     $ 8,419     $ 9,493     $ 11,498  
Depreciation & Amortization 1,449     1,819     1,885     1,884     2,551  
Regional & Unallocated Costs 929     872     1,478     1,504     1,747  
Net Loss on Divestitures, Disposals and Impairment Charges                 34  
Less:                  
Cemetery Financial EBITDA (2,527 )   (3,107 )   (2,717 )   (3,003 )   (3,122 )
Cemetery Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA (41 )   (64 )   (42 )   (71 )   (392 )
Cemetery Field EBITDA $ 5,101     $ 8,502     $ 9,023     $ 9,807     $ 12,316  


Components of Total Field EBITDA (in thousands):

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
Funeral Field EBITDA $ 22,480     $ 22,847     $ 26,798     $ 30,279     $ 21,920  
Cemetery Field EBITDA 5,101     8,502     9,023     9,807     12,316  
Funeral Financial EBITDA 1,921     2,119     2,150     2,251     1,871  
Cemetery Financial EBITDA 2,527     3,107     2,717     3,003     3,122  
Ancillary EBITDA 321     292     278     242     274  
Funeral Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA 830     378     310     134     119  
Cemetery Divested/Planned Divested EBITDA 41     64     42     71     392  
Total Field EBITDA $ 33,221     $ 37,309     $ 41,318     $ 45,787     $ 40,014  


Reconciliation of GAAP Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Share to Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Share:

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
GAAP Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Share $ 0.36     $ 0.31     $ 0.47     $ 0.72     $ (0.34 )
Special Items 0.09     0.20     0.11     0.10     1.00  
Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Share $ 0.45     $ 0.51     $ 0.58     $ 0.82     $ 0.66  


Reconciliation of GAAP Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share to Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share:

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
GAAP Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share $ 0.36     $ 0.31     $ 0.46     $ 0.71     $ (0.33 )
Special Items 0.09     0.20     0.11     0.10     0.97  
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share $ 0.45     $ 0.51     $ 0.57     $ 0.81     $ 0.64  


Reconciliation of Cash flow provided by operations to Adjusted Free Cash Flow (in thousands) and Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin:

  2ND QTR 2020   3RD QTR 2020   4TH QTR 2020   1ST QTR 2021   2ND QTR 2021
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities $ 17,455     $ 36,821     $ 15,093     $ 26,811     $ 14,630  
Cash used for Maintenance Capital Expenditures (1,342 )   (2,496 )   (3,368 )   (2,140 )   (2,462 )
Free Cash Flow $ 16,113     $ 34,325     $ 11,725     $ 24,671     $ 12,168  
                   
Plus: Incremental Special Items:                  
Federal Tax Refund     (7,012 )            
Acquisition Expenses 45         (170 )        
Severance and Separation Costs 275             1,575      
Litigation Reserve 195                  
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs 832     340     315     894     145  
Other Special Items 418     (45 )            
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $ 17,878     $ 27,608     $ 11,870     $ 27,140     $ 12,313  
                   
Revenue $ 77,477     $ 84,393     $ 90,088     $ 96,637     $ 88,277  
Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin   23.1 %     32.7 %     13.2 %     28.1 %     13.9 %


Reconciliation of Cash flow provided by operations to Adjusted Free Cash Flow (in thousands) and Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin:

  Six Months Ended June 30,
    2020       2021  
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities $ 31,001     $ 41,441  
Cash used for Maintenance Capital Expenditures (2,898 )   (4,602 )
Free Cash Flow $ 28,103     $ 36,839  
       
Plus: Incremental Special Items:      
Acquisition Expenses 159      
Severance and Separation Costs 563     1,575  
Litigation Reserve 270      
Natural Disaster and Pandemic Costs 972     1,039  
Other Special Items 418      
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $ 30,485     $ 39,453  
       
Revenue $ 154,967     $ 184,914  
Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin   19.7 %     21.3 %


Reconciliation of Actual Results (year ended December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020), Last Twelve Months ended June 30, 2021, Estimated year ended December 31, 2021, Rolling Four Quarter Outlook ended June 30, 2022 and Estimated year ended December 31, 2022.

Earlier in this press release, we present the Two Year Performance Scenario and the Rolling Four Quarter Outlook which reflects management’s opinion on the performance of the portfolio of existing businesses, including performance of existing trusts, and excludes size and timing of acquisitions unless we have a signed Letter of Intent with a high likelihood of a closing within 90 days. These are not intended to be management estimates or forecasts of our future performance, as we believe precise estimates will be precisely wrong all the time. The following reconciliations are presented within the ranges provided in the Performance Outlook Scenario and Rolling Four Quarter Outlook.

Reconciliation of Net Income to Consolidated EBITDA, Total Field EBITDA (in thousands) and Total Field EBITDA Margin:

  2018A   2019A   2020A   LTM   2021E   RFQO   2022E
Net Income $ 11,645     $ 14,533     $ 16,090     $ 20,656     $ 29,000     $ 51,000     $ 53,000  
Total Tax Expense 6,621     7,883     8,552     8,702     11,000     20,000     21,000  
Pretax Income $ 18,266     $ 22,416     $ 24,642     $ 29,358     $ 40,000     $ 71,000     $ 74,000  
Net Interest Expense, including Accretion of Discount on Convertible Subordinated Notes 23,301     25,763     32,731     30,902     25,000     20,800     20,000  
Depreciation & Amortization, including Non-cash Stock Compensation and Other, Net 24,056     19,188     22,613     24,948     26,500     26,200     25,000  
Net Loss on Divestitures, Disposals, Impairment Charges and Extinguishment of Debt 1,697     4,846     21,442     31,081     25,000          
Consolidated EBITDA $ 67,320     $ 72,213     $ 101,428     $ 116,289     $ 116,500     $ 118,000     $ 119,000  
Overhead 36,993     37,554     40,514     48,139     45,500     45,000     48,000  
Total Field EBITDA $ 104,313     $ 109,767     $ 141,942     $ 164,428     $ 162,000     $ 163,000     $ 167,000  
                           
Revenue $ 267,992     $ 274,107     $ 329,448     $ 359,395     $ 355,000     $ 360,000     $ 365,000  
Total Field EBITDA Margin 38.9 %   40.0 %   43.1 %   45.8 %   45.6 %   45.3 %   45.8 %


Reconciliation of Consolidated EBITDA to Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA (in thousands) and Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin:

  2018A   2019A   2020A   LTM   2021E   RFQO   2022E
Consolidated EBITDA $ 67,320     $ 72,213     $ 101,428     $ 116,289     $ 116,500     $ 118,000     $ 119,000  
Special Items 2,872     4,374     2,822     3,054     2,600          
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA $ 70,192     $ 76,587     $ 104,250     $ 119,343     $ 119,100     $ 118,000     $ 119,000  
                           
Revenue $ 267,992     $ 274,107     $ 329,448     $ 359,395     $ 355,000     $ 360,000     $ 365,000  
Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA Margin 26.2 %   27.9 %   31.6 %   33.2 %   33.5 %   32.8 %   32.6 %


Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted Net Income (in thousands):

  2018A   2019A   2020A   LTM   2021E   RFQO   2022E
Net Income $ 11,645     $ 14,533     $ 16,090     $ 20,656     $ 29,000     $ 51,000     $ 53,000  
Special Items 9,921     7,999     17,593     25,466     20,000          
Adjusted Net Income $ 21,566     $ 22,532     $ 33,683     $ 46,122     $ 49,000     $ 51,000     $ 53,000  


Reconciliation of GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share to Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share:

  2018A   2019A   2020A   LTM   2021E   RFQO   2022E
GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share $ 0.63     $ 0.80     $ 0.89     $ 1.15     $ 1.63     $ 2.91     $ 3.16  
Special Items 0.54     0.45     0.97     1.38     1.12          
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share $ 1.17     $ 1.25     $ 1.86     $ 2.53     $ 2.75     $ 2.91     $ 3.16  


Reconciliation of Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities to Adjusted Free Cash Flow (in thousands) and Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin:

  2018A   2019A   2020A   LTM   2021E   RFQO   2022E
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities $ 48,994     $ 43,216     $ 82,915     $ 93,355     $ 80,000     $ 83,000     $ 88,000  
Cash used for Maintenance Capital Expenditures (9,266 )   (8,795 )   (8,762 )   (10,466 )   (10,000 )   (10,000 )   (11,000 )
Special Items 2,872     4,374     (4,190 )   (3,958 )   2,600          
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $ 42,600     $ 38,795     $ 69,963     $ 78,931     $ 72,600     $ 73,000     $ 77,000  
                           
Revenue $ 267,992     $ 274,107     $ 329,448     $ 359,395     $ 355,000     $ 360,000     $ 365,000  
Adjusted Free Cash Flow Margin   15.9 %     14.2 %     21.2 %     22.0 %     20.5 %     20.3 %     21.1 %


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements made herein or elsewhere by, or on behalf of, the Company that are not historical facts are intended to be forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In addition to historical information, this Press Release contains certain statements and information that may constitute forward-looking statements within the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical information, should be deemed to be forward-looking statements. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding any projections of earnings, revenue, asset sales, cash flow, capital allocation, debt levels, overhead, including field and corporate incentive compensation, or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations, or financing activities; any statements of the plans, timing and objectives of management for acquisition and divestiture activities; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements of belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing and are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effect on us. The words “may”, “will”, “estimate”, “intend”, “believe”, “expect”, “seek”, “project”, “forecast”, “foresee”, “should”, “would”, “could”, “plan”, “anticipate” and other similar words or expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, which are generally not historical in nature. While management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made, there can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we anticipate. All comments concerning our expectations for future revenue and operating results are based on our forecasts for our existing operations and do not include the potential impact of any future acquisitions. Our forward-looking statements involve significant risks and uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those summarized below:

  • our ability to find and retain skilled personnel;
  • the effects of our incentive and compensation plans and programs, including such effects on our Standards Operating Model and the Company’s operational and financial performance;
  • our ability to execute our growth strategy;
  • the execution of our Standards Operating, 4E Leadership and Standard Acquisition Models;
  • the effects of competition;
  • changes in the number of deaths in our markets;
  • changes in consumer preferences and our ability to adapt to or meet those changes;
  • our ability to generate preneed sales, including implementing our cemetery portfolio sales strategy;
  • the investment performance of our funeral and cemetery trust funds;
  • fluctuations in interest rates;
  • our ability to obtain debt or equity financing on satisfactory terms to fund additional acquisitions, expansion projects, working capital requirements and the repayment or refinancing of indebtedness;
  • our ability to meet the timing, objectives and expectations related to our capital allocation framework, including our forecasted rates of return, planned uses of free cash flow and future capital allocation, including share repurchases, internal growth projects, potential strategic acquisitions, dividend increases, or debt repayment plans;
  • our ability to meet the projected financial and equity performance metrics to our updated rolling four quarter outlook, two-year scenario and intrinsic value per share range, if at all;
  • the timely and full payment of death benefits related to preneed funeral contracts funded through life insurance contracts;
  • the financial condition of third-party insurance companies that fund our preneed funeral contracts;
  • increased or unanticipated costs, such as insurance or taxes;
  • our level of indebtedness and the cash required to service our indebtedness;
  • changes in federal income tax laws and regulations and the implementation and interpretation of these laws and regulations by the Internal Revenue Service;
  • effects of the application of other applicable laws and regulations, including changes in such regulations or the interpretation thereof;
  • the potential impact of epidemics and pandemics, including the COVID-19 coronavirus, on customer preferences and on our business;
  • effects of litigation;
  • consolidation of the funeral and cemetery industry;
  • our ability to consummate the divestiture of low performing businesses as currently expected, if at all, including expected use of proceeds related thereto;
  • our ability to identify and consummate strategic acquisitions, if at all, and successfully integrate acquired businesses with our existing businesses, including expected performance and financial improvements related thereto;
  • economic, financial and stock market fluctuations,
  • interruptions or security lapses of our information technology, including any cybersecurity or ransomware incidents,
  • our failure to maintain effective control over financial reporting; and
  • other factors and uncertainties inherent in the funeral and cemetery industry.

For additional information regarding known material factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our projected results, please see “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and other public filings and press releases, available at www.carriageservices.com

Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


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Source: Carriage Services, Inc.

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